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The sample is taken by introducing the tube into a freshly cleaned back surface; if this proves difficult a block may be cut from the unit of interest.The specimen tube or block should then be wrapped in black plastic to prevent further exposure to light and to preserve the environmental moisture content.This energy is lodged in the imperfect lattices of the mineral's crystals.

Chronometric dating, also known as chronometry or absolute dating, is any archaeological dating method that gives a result in calendar years before the present time.

Archaeologists and scientists use absolute dating methods on samples ranging from prehistoric fossils to artifacts from relatively recent history.

He holds a Bachelor of Science, postgraduate diplomas in journalism and website design and is studying for an MBA.

(Chemistry) phosphorescence of certain materials or objects as a result of heating.

By comparing this light output with that produced by known doses of radiation, the amount of radiation absorbed by the material may be found.

Most mineral materials, including the constituents of pottery, have the property of thermoluminescence (TL), where part of the energy from radioactive decay in and around the mineral is stored (in the form of trapped electrons) and later released as light upon strong heating (as the electrons are detrapped and combine with lattice ions).

Better still, unlike radiocarbon dating, the effect luminescence dating measures increases with time.

As a result, there is no upper date limit set by the sensitivity of the method itself, although other factors may limit the method's feasibility.

It is caused by pre-irradiation of the material inducing defects which are removed by the heat, the energy released appearing as light: used in archaeological dating Redwares from Gubbacka's medieval village: regional and inter-regional views on ceramic networks and technology (SEM-EDS)/Punased savinoud keskaegsest Gubbackast: hinnanguid kohalikule ja mittekohalikule keraamikavorgustikule ning tehnoloogiale (SEM-EDS-analuusi pohjal) and its applications, recent advances and opportunities in thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) materials, luminescence dating: the basic approach to geochronology, the elastico-mechanoluminescence of thermoluminescent crystals, thermoluminescent phosphors for radiation dosimetry, using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and Nigeria: Nok has more wonders yet for the world: Nok terracotta artwork dating back to 1500 BC, which was discovered in modern-day central Nigeria in the 1940s by a British archaeologist, is now famous the world over. Current research by German archaeological teams on Nok sites covering 240 sq kms northeast of the capital Abuja.

is bound to unearth yet more wonders from the Nok world.

Prior to the final depositional episode it is necessary that any previously acquired TL is removed by exposure to sunlight.

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